Originally posted at Participatory Evaluation Forum - Refocus Institute
Surveys and interviews are passive, do not engage stakeholders proactively and lead to low quality information.
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The Participation Spectrum
The aim of an evaluation, as well as the nature of an organization and project, determine the appropriate level of participation. Collaborative evaluation is lead by an evaluation expert who consults with participants in designing an
The most basic tool for any evaluation is a logic model. It articulates the outcomes, intermediate goals and outputs of a project, as well as the activities and inputs used to reach them. The logic model checks the understanding of dynamic components of a project and becomes the framework for the evaluation. Constructing a logic model with a focus group of stakeholders allows them to interpret the project on their own terms.
Focus groups bring people together to create and answer questions. This tool allows for observation of group dynamics and provides a structure for dialogue. In a guided focus group, there are five to six open-ended questions that allow participants to tell their own story. Using a question guide yields more directed data, but allowing participants to formulate questions fully brings them into the evaluation process as in empowerment evaluation.
Participatory video is a kind of action research. Participants work together to script, direct and edit a video on issues related to the evaluation of a project (See Reference 5). A logic model assists indicator selection and their interpretation through video. Deliverables for this tool include the video itself, which, with permission, can be used for promotion of your organization or project, as well as more engaged stakeholders with evaluation capacity.
"Knowledge Shared : Participatory Evaluation in Development Cooperation"; Edward Jackson et al.; 1998
Japan International Cooperation Agency: Guidelines for Project Evaluation; 2004
"Useful Tools for Engaging Young People in Participatory Evaluation"; Meg Gawler; 2005
"Empowerment Evaluation: Knowledge and Tools for Self-Assessment and Accountability"; David Fetterman et al.; 1996
"Insights into Participatory Video: A Handbook for the Field"; Nick Lynch et al.; 2006
"Participation and Social Assessment: Tools and Techniques"; Jennifer Rietbergen-McCracken et al.;1998
Originally published on ehow.com, June 2011
Re-posted from June 6, 2011, Jan. 25, 2012
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